Hellenic Sculpture: Capitoline Venus (III-II BC)
Plato (427-347 BC)
A 3 states theory: Pleasure and Pain are states that depart from the Neutral
The body organs are subjected to exhaustion and replenishement, with a
certain intensity and rate. Pain is the destruction of organic harmony,
pleasure is its recovery, and Neutral is harmony itself.
Plato introduces independent non-organic (mind) components to the emotions,
based on the principles of want and satistfaction of want.
The soul is divided into a immortal part, located in the head, and
a mortal part, distributed over the body. Philosophical and intellectual
love of beauty are located in the immortal soul. Other 'regular' emotions
are located in the mortal soul.
Plato's theory is one of the first to propose that the soul affects the
body, and the body affects the soul.
For More Information
- The Republic :
10 Books on line (M.I.T.).
- The Protagoras
on line: The concept of pleasure. (M.I.T.).
- The Timaeus on
line: Pain and Pleasure (M.I.T.).
Author: Jean-Marc Fellous